The dark flux [electron / second] is the signal rate in the absence of external light, consisting of dark current originating in the detector and thermal background current originating from the rest of the instrument. Two versions of the dark flux are given, which should have negligible differences.

  • Official – Nominal version, derived with ICM & L01b processor using radiance background measurements with exposure times between 210 and 540 ms.
  • Beta-nominal – Development version, using the same data as nominal version.

Until orbit 1740 (2018-02-13 00:37:44 UTC), the background measurements were performed during eclipse looking at the Earth. Afterwards all radiance background measurements are performed with the folding mirror closed. At the same time the duration of the background measurements has been reduced, and therefore the offset and dark-flux derived with the beta-algorithm are performed every 45 orbits during E2, instead of the nominal 15 orbits. The current beta-algorithm is part of release 2 of the ICM & L01b software, but applied on 15 orbits.

Starting from orbit 9388 (2019-08-06 02:20:06 UTC), the exposure times of the radiance measurements have been reduced to obtain smaller ground-pixels. Therefore, the radiance background measurements are performed with exposure times between 166 and 840 ms.

The dark-flux deviation is expressed as a percentage of the 58 ke/s reference signal current due to spectral radiance at 2313 nm (without atmospheric absorption), albedo 0.05, solar zenith angle 70 degrees.

TROPOMI is a collaboration between Airbus Defence and Space Netherlands, KNMI, SRON and TNO, on behalf of NSO and ESA. Airbus Defence and Space Netherlands is the main contractor for the design, building and testing of the instrument. KNMI and SRON are the principal investigator institutes for the instrument. TROPOMI is funded by the following ministries of the Dutch government: the Ministry of Economic Affairs, the Ministry of Education, Culture and Science, and the Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment.

Other websites on TROPOMI
and Sentinel-5 Precursor:

Netherlands Space Office
Airbus Defence and Space